Aug 5, 2011

Linguistics and numbers

My friend the English teacher sent me an Email from which I learned how much I had forgotten the roots of the Latin and the Greek languages. Interesting Numbers, read more about English numerals but we have to investigate the roots of our modern numbers using the Linguistics tools.

You know the English words for numbers…
One  (1), Two (2), Three (3),..........Ten (10)
One hundred (100), ............Five hundred (500),.........A thousand (1,000)
A million  (1,000,000)
A billion   (1,000,000,000)
A trillion (1,000,000,000,000)

But lets have a look and investigate the roots of the numbers.
Q. What is the root for The number 1? A. mono, from Greek, so we all know now all these word.
MonotheismMonogamy, Monarchy, Monopoly, etc.
There is another root for 1. It comes from Latin..That’s right! It’s uni
Unicycle, Unicorn, Unisex etc.

Q. What is the root for 2? A. It’s bi that comes from Latin
* Bicycle,Bimonthly, Binary etc.
* There is also a root for 2 that comes from the Greek, it's du
* Duet, Dual, Duplex, etc.

What is the root for 3? That’s right! It’s tri
* Trio, Triangle, Trinity, Triple,Triplets, etc.

* And what is a trillion? That’s right! It’s 1,000,000,000,000 Four (4) groups (not 3) of zeros.

Q. What is the root for 4? A. It’s qua
* Quarter, Quartet, Quadruplets, Quadruped, etc.

Q. What is the root for 5? A. It’s pent, it’s from Greek
* Pentagon, Pentoxide, Pentathlon, etc
* But there is another root from Latin, It’s quint
* Quintuplets, Quintet, Quintillion (1,000,000,000,000,000,000)

Q. What is the root for 6? A. It’s hex That one is from Greek
* Hexagon, Hexahedron, Hexadecimal, etc.
* But there is another one from Latin.  sex
* Sextet, Sextuplets, Sexagenarian, Sextillion (1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000)

Q. What is the root for 7? A. It’s sept (Latin)
* Septet, Septillion ….10**24=1024
* September, and that’s why September is the 7th month of the year. oops! Wrong!
  September is the 9th month. how did that happen? September was the 7th month in the original Roman calendar. but Julius Caesar pushed in another month called, July in honor to his majesty.Then came another famous Roman And he wanted a month named after him too. The month was called August after Augustus Caesar.

Q. What is the root for 8? A. It’s oct
* Octagon, Octopus, Octet, Octagenarian, October, etc.
* Octillion  which means 10**27 or 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 9 bundles of 0
Q. What is the root for 9  A.It’s nov
* November, Novillion 10**30 (1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000)10 bundles of 0

Q. What is the root for 10? A. It’s dec
* Decimal,  Decade, December Which should be the 10th month. (Remember Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar who pushed themselves into the calender, so December became the 12th month)
SI prefix table

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